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2011 NIAID Year In Review

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Continuing International Support to Combat the HIV Pandemic

The President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) is a global health initiative launched in 2003 to combat the devastation caused by HIV/AIDS around the world. PEPFAR has actively promoted the use of “implementation science” to develop evidence for applying resources in a way that will achieve the greatest health impact. Implementation science seeks to improve program effectiveness and optimize efficiency, including the effective transfer of interventions from one setting to another. This involves improving the adoption, implementation, and translation of research findings into routine and common practices.

In collaboration with the Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator in the U.S. Department of State, NIAID announced the NIH/PEPFAR Collaboration for Implementation Science and Impact Evaluation program in FY 2011. This initiative solicited proposals for implementation science research projects that will inform PEPFAR on more efficient and cost-effective methods to deliver HIV prevention, treatment, and care on a large scale in resource-limited countries. Funded projects not only reflect the needs and priorities of the countries or regions in which they are to be conducted but also produce results that that can be generalized across PEPFAR programs. Projects are designed specifically to improve prevention, care, and treatment outcomes in the most at-risk populations, and those marginalized by gender inequities are also high priorities.

Last Updated January 08, 2013

Last Reviewed January 08, 2013