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NIAID Glossary of Funding and Policy Terms and Acronyms—F

For Institute program-specific acronyms, go to NIAID Profile and Fact Book.

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Term Definition
F&A costs See facilities and administrative costs.
F award See fellowship award.
FACA See Federal Advisory Committee Act.
Face Page

Formerly used term—see SF 424 Cover and PHS 398 Cover Page Supplement.

facilities and administrative costs (F&A)

Costs associated with the general operation of an institution and the conduct of its research activities. Formerly indirect costs. HHS supports full reimbursement for F&A costs for most grant programs. Institutions negotiate F&A rates with NIH.

Allowable F&A costs include:

  • Depreciation use allowance.
  • Facilities operations and maintenance.
  • General administration and expenses.
  • Departmental administration.
  • Sponsored project administration.
  • Libraries.

Also see direct costs and modified total direct costs.

Go to NIAID's Make Sure Your Institution Has Negotiated F&A Rates in the Strategy for NIH Funding.

facilities contract

Contract for the procurement, construction, and installation of facilities or their use, maintenance, or management. Go to NIAID's Contracts portal.
Facilities and Other Resources

Field and attachment to the Research and Related Other Project Information form of a grant application that identifies institutional resources and support for the principal investigator.

In it, the principal investigator describes how the scientific environment will contribute to the success of the project. Peer reviewers use that information to assess the environment initial peer review criterion.

Go to these resources:

FAR See Federal Acquisition Regulation.
fast track

Process FDA uses to accelerate development and review of drugs to treat serious diseases and fill an unmet medical need.

Fast track drugs are eligible for accelerated approval and possibly priority review, which together with fast track, are FDA's approach to making therapeutically important drugs available sooner.

Go to FDA's Fast Track, Accelerated Approval and Priority Review.

FDA See Food and Drug Administration.
FDP See Federal Demonstration Partnership.

Web site that publicizes federal government procurement opportunities, including contracts, over $25,000.

Go to these resources:

Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR)

Regulations governing federal government procurement. FAR is published as 48 CFR Chapter 1; its provisions are implemented and augmented by agency supplements—see HHSAR.

Go to HHS Acquisition Regulations and FAR.

Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA) Law regulating federal advisory committees to ensure a balance of scientists, lay persons, races, and geographical areas. Go to Federal Advisory Committee Act.
federal budget

General roadmap for federal spending, outlining the categories and amounts. The budget takes into account federal spending and revenue, which the U.S. collects largely through federal taxes. See authorization and appropriation.

Go to these NIAID resources:

Federal Demonstration Partnership (FDP)

Cooperative initiative among federal agencies, including NIH, and outside organizations that receive federal research funding. It conducts demonstration projects that simplify and standardize requirements to increase research productivity and reduce administrative costs.

Go to these resources:

Federal Financial Report (FFR)

Form that federal recipients of grants or cooperative agreements use to report financial expenditures on their awards. Institutions submit this report through the eRA Commons. To see the form, go to Federal Financial Report.

Go to NIAID's Know When to Submit Financial Reports and File Your Final Reports at Award End in the Strategy for NIH Funding.

Federal Register

Official, daily government publication communicating proposed and final regulations and legal notices issued by federal agencies, including announcements of the availability of research funds.

Go to the Federal Register.

Federal Select Agent Program

Program that maintains a comprehensive list of select agents and related information for investigators who possess, use, or transfer select agents in the U.S.

CDC in HHS and Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) in USDA administer the program. See overlap select agent.

Go to these resources:

Federal Technology Transfer Act (FTTA)

Law authorizing government agencies to enter into cooperative research and development agreements with private companies. See technology transfer.

Go to 15 USC 63 Sec. 3710 and NIAID's Technology Transfer and Intellectual Property Office.

Federalwide Assurance (FWA)

Online form every institution and collaborating institution conducting human subjects research must file with the Office for Human Research Protections, HHS, to establish policies and procedures to protect human subjects as required by 45 CFR 46.

An FWA is an institutional assurance of protection for human subjects. For individuals, see Individual investigator agreement.

Go to these resources:


Agreed-to amount beyond an initial cost estimate in cost-reimbursement arrangements. A fee may be set at the outset of performance, as in a cost-plus-fixed-fee contract, or may vary within a specified range, as in a cost-plus-incentive-fee contract.

fellowship (F)

Individual award to students and scientists at predoctoral, postdoctoral, or senior investigator levels; underrepresented groups and the disabled.

Go to these NIAID resources:

fetus Product of conception from the time of implantation until delivery. Go to definitions in 45 CFR 46.201.
FFR See Federal Financial Report (FFR).
FIC NIH Fogarty International Center. Go to FIC.
final proposal revision

Final contract proposal revision that NIAID asks offerors to submit after negotiations have ended. It documents cost and technical agreements reached during negotiations.

Go to NIAID's Negotiation, Source Selection, and Award SOPs and Contracts portal.

final research data

Recorded factual material commonly accepted by the scientific community as necessary to document, support, and validate research findings.

Go to NIAID's Data Sharing for Grants: Final Research Data SOP.

financial conflict of interest

Significant financial interests that would likely bias NIAID grantees or contractors. By law, institutions must manage, reduce, or eliminate these conflicts. See see conflict of interest.

Go to NIH's Financial Conflict of Interest portal and NIAID's Financial Conflicts of Interest for Awardees SOP.

financial management plan

Policy to establish consistency in funding, which specifies budget levels for items such as paylines, programmatic reductions, R56-Bridge award levels, and caps for renewal grants

Go to these NIAID resources:

Financial Status Report (FSR)

Formerly used term—see Federal Financial Report (FFR).

firm-fixed-price contract

Fixed-price contract that cannot be adjusted for a contractor's costs. It provides maximum incentive for a contractor to control costs and perform efficiently and imposes a minimum administrative burden on the contracting parties.

Go to FAR 16.202-1.

fiscal year (FY) Federal government budget year: October 1 to September 30.
fixed-price contract

Contract that provides for a firm or, in some cases, an adjustable price. Fixed-price contracts with an adjustable price may include a ceiling price, target price, or both.

Unless otherwise specified, these prices can be adjusted only by clauses in a contract. Go to FAR 16.206-1.


See funding opportunity announcement.

FOIA See Freedom of Information Act.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) HHS agency that reviews clinical research to regulate the marketing of foods, drugs, devices, and cosmetics. Go to FDA.
foreign component Significant part of a domestic grant performed outside the U.S. either by a grantee or researcher employed by a foreign institution that includes:
  • Involvement of human subjects or animals in research.
  • Extensive foreign travel by grantee project staff for collecting data, surveying, sampling, and similar activities.
  • Grant activities that may involve the population, environment, resources, or affairs of a foreign country.

Also see domestic.

Go to these NIAID resources:

foreign institution

Private or public nonprofit institution or for-profit organization in a country other than the U.S. and its territories. Also see domestic.

Go to these NIAID resources:

FPR See final proposal revision.
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Law requiring wide dissemination of government documents on public request, while safeguarding proprietary information. For more details, go to the Department of Justice's Freedom of Information Act and NIH FOIA.
FTE Full-time equivalent.
FTTA See Federal Technology Transfer Act.
FTTP Full-time training position.
full and open competition

Process that permits all sources to compete for a contract. See justification for other than full and open competition.

Go to these resources:

full board review

Review meeting of a majority of institutional review board members, including at least one nonscientific member. To gain IRB approval, a majority of members present at a meeting must agree.

Go to these NIAID resources:

fundable score

Generally refers to an application's percentile or overall impact score that is within an NIH institute's payline. NIAID also funds some other applications, e.g., those that are high-priority or deferred for funding. See gray zone.

Go to these NIAID resources:

funded carryover Competing grant application that was unfunded at the end of a fiscal year and funded in the next fiscal year.
funding mechanism See mechanism and activity code.
funding opportunity announcement (FOA)

Federal grant funding opportunity published in NIH FOAs can be requests for applications or program announcements.

Applicants use the SF 424 Application Guide instructions and forms in the Grant Application Package to submit grant applications.

See initiative, institute-specific program announcement, and parent program announcement.

Go to these NIAID resources:

funding plan

Budget outline that NIAID develops according to the budget allocation for a fiscal year. It specifies standard items, such as paylines, selective pay amounts, R56-Bridge award pools, and caps for renewal grants. Also see appropriation.

Go to NIAID's Financial Management Plan and Paylines and Funding portal.

FWA See Federalwide Assurance.
FY See fiscal year.

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Last Updated June 22, 2015

Last Reviewed April 30, 2012