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NIAID Glossary of Funding and Policy Terms and Acronyms—V

For Institute program-specific acronyms, go to NIAID Profile and Fact Book.

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Term Definition
valid analysis

Human subjects term indicating an unbiased assessment that generally yields a correct estimate of the difference in outcomes between two groups of subjects. Used for small and large clinical studies, a valid analysis does not need high statistical power for detecting an effect. Also see analysis.

Main requirements for ensuring a valid analysis are as follows:

  • Allocation of study participants of both genders and from different racial and ethnic groups to intervention and control groups by an unbiased process, such as randomization.
  • Unbiased evaluation of an outcome.
  • Use of unbiased statistical analyses and methods of inference to estimate and compare intervention effects among different groups.
validation

For grant applications, automated check of an application against the SF 424 Application Guide and funding opportunity announcement that can result in errors or warnings.

Go to these resources:

viewing window

For grant applications, two-day period an applicant can use to check an application image to make sure it meets expectations.

Unless a signing official rejects an application, it automatically becomes final—moves to the Center for Scientific Review—at midnight EST two business days after passing validation or when the receipt date passes, whichever comes first.

Go to these NIAID resources in the Strategy for NIH Funding:

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Last Updated December 18, 2014

Last Reviewed June 11, 2012