For Institute program-specific acronyms, go to NIAID Profile and Fact Book.
Formerly used term—see SF 424 Cover and PHS 398 Cover Page Supplement.
Costs associated with the general operation of an institution and the conduct of its research activities. Formerly indirect costs. HHS supports full reimbursement for F&A costs for most grant programs. Institutions negotiate F&A rates with NIH.
Allowable F&A costs include:
Also see direct costs and modified total direct costs.
Go to NIAID's Make Sure Your Institution Has Negotiated F&A Rates in the Strategy for NIH Funding.
Field and attachment to the Research and Related Other Project Information form of a grant application that identifies institutional resources and support for the principal investigator.
In it, the principal investigator describes how the scientific environment will contribute to the success of the project. Peer reviewers use that information to assess the environment initial peer review criterion.
Go to these resources:
Process FDA uses to accelerate development and review of drugs to treat serious diseases and fill an unmet medical need.
Fast track drugs are eligible for accelerated approval and possibly priority review, which together with fast track, are FDA's approach to making therapeutically important drugs available sooner.
Go to FDA's Fast Track, Accelerated Approval and Priority Review.
Web site that publicizes federal government procurement opportunities, including contracts, over $25,000.
Regulations governing federal government procurement. FAR is published as 48 CFR Chapter 1; its provisions are implemented and augmented by agency supplements—see HHSAR.
Go to HHS Acquisition Regulations and FAR.
General roadmap for federal spending, outlining the categories and amounts. The budget takes into account federal spending and revenue, which the U.S. collects largely through federal taxes. See authorization and appropriation.
Go to these NIAID resources:
Cooperative initiative among federal agencies, including NIH, and outside organizations that receive federal research funding. It conducts demonstration projects that simplify and standardize requirements to increase research productivity and reduce administrative costs.
Go to these resources:
Form that federal recipients of grants or cooperative agreements use to report financial expenditures on their awards. Institutions submit this report through the eRA Commons. To see the form, go to Federal Financial Report.
Go to NIAID's Know When to Submit Financial Reports and File Your Final Reports at Award End in the Strategy for NIH Funding.
Official, daily government publication communicating proposed and final regulations and legal notices issued by federal agencies, including announcements of the availability of research funds.
Go to the Federal Register.
Law authorizing government agencies to enter into cooperative research and development agreements with private companies. See technology transfer.
Go to 15 USC 63 Sec. 3710 and NIAID's Technology Transfer and Intellectual Property Office.
Online form every institution and collaborating institution conducting human subjects research must file with the Office for Human Research Protections, HHS, to establish policies and procedures to protect human subjects as required by 45 CFR 46.
An FWA is an institutional assurance of protection for human subjects. For individuals, see Individual investigator agreement.
Agreed-to amount beyond an initial cost estimate in cost-reimbursement arrangements. A fee may be set at the outset of performance, as in a cost-plus-fixed-fee contract, or may vary within a specified range, as in a cost-plus-incentive-fee contract.
Individual award to students and scientists at predoctoral, postdoctoral, or senior investigator levels; underrepresented groups and the disabled.
Go to these NIAID resources:
Final contract proposal revision that NIAID asks offerors to submit after negotiations have ended. It documents cost and technical agreements reached during negotiations.
Go to NIAID's Negotiation, Source Selection, and Award SOPs and Contracts portal.
Recorded factual material commonly accepted by the scientific community as necessary to document, support, and validate research findings.
Go to NIAID's Data Sharing for Grants: Final Research Data SOP.
Significant financial interests that would likely bias NIAID grantees or contractors. By law, institutions must manage, reduce, or eliminate these conflicts. See see conflict of interest.
Go to NIH's Financial Conflict of Interest portal and NIAID's Financial Conflicts of Interest for Awardees SOP.
Policy to establish consistency in funding, which specifies budget levels for items such as paylines, programmatic reductions, R56-Bridge award levels, and caps for renewal grants.
Formerly used term—see Federal Financial Report (FFR).
Fixed-price contract that cannot be adjusted for a contractor's costs. It provides maximum incentive for a contractor to control costs and perform efficiently and imposes a minimum administrative burden on the contracting parties.
Go to FAR 16.202-1.
Contract that provides for a firm or, in some cases, an adjustable price. Fixed-price contracts with an adjustable price may include a ceiling price, target price, or both.
Unless otherwise specified, these prices can be adjusted only by clauses in a contract. Go to FAR 16.206-1.
See funding opportunity announcement.
Also see domestic.
Private or public nonprofit institution or for-profit organization in a country other than the U.S. and its territories. Also see domestic.
Process that permits all sources to compete for a contract. See justification for other than full and open competition.
Review meeting of a majority of institutional review board members, including at least one nonscientific member. To gain IRB approval, a majority of members present at a meeting must agree.
Generally refers to an application's percentile or overall impact score that is within an NIH institute's payline. NIAID also funds some other applications, e.g., those that are high-priority or deferred for funding. See gray zone.
Federal grant funding opportunity published in Grants.gov. NIH FOAs can be requests for applications or program announcements.
Applicants use the SF 424 Application Guide instructions and forms in the Grant Application Package to submit grant applications.
See initiative, institute-specific program announcement, and parent program announcement.
Budget outline that NIAID develops according to the budget allocation for a fiscal year. It specifies standard items, such as paylines, selective pay amounts, R56-Bridge award pools, and caps for renewal grants. Also see appropriation.
Go to NIAID's Financial Management Plan and Paylines and Funding portal.
Last Updated October 29, 2014
Last Reviewed April 30, 2012