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NIAID Glossary of Funding and Policy Terms and Acronyms—T

For Institute program-specific acronyms, go to NIAID Profile and Fact Book.

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Term Definition
Table of Contents

For grant applications, a Table of Contents is generated automatically.

targeted research

Research funded from an NIH institute's set-aside of dollars for a scientific area. Institutes solicit research using requests for applications for grants and solicitations for contracts. See the converse unsolicited research, investigator-initiated, and program announcement.

Go to these NIAID resources:

technical evaluation criteria

Conditions determined by a contracting officer during pre-solicitation for evaluating the technical merit of contract proposals responding to a solicitation.

Go to NIAID's Lock icon: This link will not work for public visitors.Peer Review of R&D Contract Technical Proposals SOP.

technical evaluation group

Panel of peer reviewers with scientific or technical expertise who conduct initial peer review of the scientific and technical merit of R&D contract proposals. They vote on acceptability and make other recommendations.

Go to NIAID's Lock icon: This link will not work for public visitors.Peer Review of R&D Contract Technical Proposals SOP.

technical evaluation report

Report prepared by a scientific review officer after initial peer review of R&D contract proposals stating scores, strengths, and weaknesses and indicating whether acceptable or unacceptable.

Go to NIAID's Lock icon: This link will not work for public visitors.Peer Review of R&D Contract Technical Proposals SOP.

technology transfer

Sharing of knowledge and facilities among federal laboratories, industry, universities, government, and others to make federally generated scientific and technological advances accessible to private industry and state and local governments.

Go to NIH's Office of Technology Transfer and NIAID's Technology Transfer and Intellectual Property Office.

technology transfer and intellectual property office (TTIPO)

NIAID office that manages NIAID's portfolio of patents and inventions and facilitates collaborations between NIAID intramural researchers and external organizations through CRADAs and other agreements. See technology transfer and Material Transfer Agreement.

Go to these NIAID resources:


Discontinuing a clinical investigation before its completion by a sponsor or by withdrawal of institutional review board or FDA approval.

Go to 21 CFR 812.3, 21 CFR 56.113, and 21 CFR 312.44.

termination for convenience, contracts

Government contract termination that does not hold a contractor at fault, usually done when in the government's best interest. Nonprofit and educational organizations can be terminated for convenience, but not for default.

Go to these resources:

termination for default, contracts

Government contract termination that holds a contractor at fault for failure to make progress or comply with provisions of a contract. This action is appropriate only in cost-plus-fixed-fee and fixed-price contracts.

Go to FAR 49.

termination, grants

Permanent withdrawal of a grantee's authority to use NIH grant funds due to a failure to comply with the terms and conditions of award.

terms and conditions of award

NIH legal requirements for a grant or contract, based on statute, regulation, or policy. Terms are described in a Notice of Award or contract. See NIAID's Clinical Terms of Award and select agent.

Go to these NIAID resources:

terms of award, clinical

See Clinical Terms of Award.

test article

FDA term for drugs, devices, biologicals, medical devices, human food or color additives, electronic products, or other item regulated by FDA. Go to 21 CFR 56.102 and full 21 CFR 56.

total costs for grants

Total allowed costs, both direct and facilities and administrative, incurred by a grantee to carry out a project or activity. These include costs charged to a grant or paid by a grantee to satisfy a matching or cost-sharing requirement.

totipotent cell

Stem cell that can differentiate into all types of endoderm, ectoderm, and mesoderm cells. Compare with multipotent, oligopotent, pluripotent, and unipotent stem cells.

training grant (T)

National Research Service Award Institutional Research Training Grant (T32) and Short-Term Institutional Research Training Grant (T35). These grants provide domestic, nonprofit, and private or public graduate-level academic institutions with funds for training predoctoral and postdoctoral candidates.

Go to these NIAID resources:


Ability of a cell of one tissue, organ, or system to differentiate into a different cell type.

treatment investigational new drug

FDA procedure for giving patients with serious or life-threatening diseases access to investigational new drugs outside a clinical trial. See investigational new drug application.

Go to 21 CFR 312.34 and 21 CFR 312.36.


See streamlined review.


See Technology Transfer and Intellectual Property Office, NIAID.


See application type and activity code.

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Last Updated March 29, 2016

Last Reviewed May 08, 2012