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Laws and Regulations That Affect NIH's Programs

Here is a list of laws and regulations that are relevant to NIAID and a brief description of how each one affects our programs.

Table of Contents


To better understand some of NIH's policies and procedures, it's helpful to know the driving forces behind them—laws and regulations—and how the two relate to each other.

Once a law is enacted, executive departments and agencies (e.g., Department of Health and Human Services) must define how they will enforce it by developing regulations, which are published in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). For example, to implement the Bayh-Dole Act of 1980, regulation 37 CFR 401.14 establishes technology transfer rules.

On this page, you'll find both laws and regulations that affect NIH's programs.

If you want to do more research on your own, take a moment to read How to Use Online Resources to Read Public Laws, our brief summary of how to look up laws and regulations in public databases.

For NIAID resources and advice about how to conduct your research, see our All About Grants: Tutorials and Samples.

Federal Laws Relevant to NIH

Laws affecting public health and the work of NIH include:

See also:

Executive Branch Regulations Relevant to NIH

Executive branch regulations pertinent to NIH programs and operations include:

  • 48 CFR, Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR)—governs federal agency procurement of goods and services.

How to Use Online Resources to Read Public Laws

Laws are recorded in the United States Code (USC), which gets published every six years. You can search it electronically using the THOMAS or United States Code: Main Page databases.

To help you find a law, use one of the following identifiers:

  • USC title and section number, e.g., 5 USC Sec. 552A
  • Public law number, e.g., P.L. 93-579
  • Popular name, e.g., Privacy Act of 1974

USC doesn't have executive agency regulations, court decisions, or state or local government laws that may also affect how you do your work. These get recorded in the daily Federal Register for inclusion in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). You can search electronically at the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR): Main Page.

You can also find regulations in the following places:

Last Updated March 30, 2016

Last Reviewed February 02, 2015