See the Glossary for more terms.
Strategy for NIH Funding
Strategy for Staying Funded · How to Renew Your Application
Pages of Part 7. Funding
Do you know when you may reuse an application and apply for the same research again?
To maintain funding throughout your career will take a strategy that will include writing a stream of applications at different intervals, rather than waiting until you're running out of funds.
To keep the research going, think about other possibilities, e.g., applying for an R21 or becoming part of a multiproject grant, and look into funding sources other than NIH.
(This section has factual information only; for advice on this topic, go to Our Advice below.)
Since NIH will not pay for research that is either underway or already completed, you normally cannot apply for funding for the same research project more than once. But there are exceptions.
Submit the same research project to NIH again. If your application does not succeed, you can submit the same research to NIH again if you:
Send an application for the same research to NIH and an outside organization simultaneously. You may send an application to NIH and to another organization outside the U.S. Public Health Service (e.g., FDA, CDC, AHRQ) simultaneously.
Though usually you may not apply to more than one PHS agency for the same research, there are a few exceptions for that situation as well—contact your business office for details.
If you are submitting multiple applications for different research to NIH or another PHS agency, make sure the Specific Aims differ, and point out in your application and cover letter that there's no overlap.
(This section has advice only; you should also read the factual information above at Just the Facts.)
Even if you get a four-year award, we recommend to start planning new applications in the second year or sooner.
To maintain funding throughout your career takes a strategy. At any point, you'll likely need several applications in the works to avoid a break in funding.
You have probably heard the maxim that the best time to look for a job is when you have a job. That's a helpful way to think about application writing too.
Even after you get your grant, you can't relax on the application front. Instead, plan to continue to seek funding by submitting sequential applications.
Even though you're busy with other responsibilities, it's critical that you write additional applications as early as possible rather than wait until you're running out of funding to act.
Sequential applications are critical, especially with today's low application success rates. As soon as you can, start planning new applications on additional topics that will likely be reviewed by different study sections and possibly funded by different institutes.
In addition to renewing your existing grants, you'll need a series of new applications that will enable you to maintain a stream of funding over time. You can also maximize your chances of success by submitting new and renewal applications at different times.
Besides an R01, think about other possibilities:
Your riskiest tack is to wait until you're running out of money to think about your next application. To avoid a funding break, apply early enough to get an award before your grant ends. Remember: it takes more than a year and a half from application to award if you succeed on the first try, over two years if you must resubmit (most people do).
At any point—even if you're still waiting to hear about your application's fate—consider writing an application on another topic. Ask yourself:
Plan another application. When planning your next application, carefully consider the following.
Make sure the topic is clearly distinct from your funded work.
Be careful not to dilute your best ideas with too many applications too close in topic. It takes a strong, virtually flawless project to compete successfully.
Ask yourself: Can I juggle all the work? You will need to convince reviewers that you have enough resources and time to do the work and are not stretched too thin (especially if you are a less experienced investigator). Keep the following in mind:
Consider an R21 or R03. In addition to a second R01, think about applying for an exploratory/developmental grant (R21) or small grant (R03) to explore a new avenue of research.
You need a solid track record demonstrating that you are qualified to conduct research in the new area.
While NIH does not require preliminary data, be aware that our data for R21 applications show that preliminary data correlate with funding success. Read more in Know the Importance of Preliminary Data in Should You Apply for an R21?
For these small grants, NIAID accepts investigator-initiated applications in response to parent program announcements as well as its own requests for applications and program announcements. Find the latter on our NIAID Funding Opportunities List.
Read more in these resources:
You may also want to consider getting additional experience, training, or collaborators if a promising lead requires new expertise.
To maximize your chances of success, submit your new and renewal applications at different times.
If you have a funded grant, don't count on a successful renewal. Because many applications fail at this point, you'll need other possibilities, which means more ideas, more applications.
To maximize your chances of success, consider submitting your new and renewal applications at different times, targeting them to different review committees and a different institute.
Your goal is to avoid a funding gap so you can keep your lab and your research team going. Since you can revise and resubmit each (investigator-initiated) application only once, having sequential applications in the works can help maximize your chances that one will succeed.
Did your next application not get funded? See if you can reuse it.
Although applications usually have only two chances to succeed, the original and one resubmission, you can use the same NIH application—appropriately modified—more than once in these circumstances:
You will likely have to modify the application to fit the new announcement; read the instructions closely for details. Learn more at You May Reuse Some Types of Applications above and read more ideas below.
Within NIH, consider going beyond the world of grants. Learn Why You May Want to Consider a Contract and watch for Extramural R&D Solicitations that may match your capabilities.
Or consider funding sources outside NIH: other government agencies, foundations, companies you could collaborate with and earn income.
If you're thinking about collaborating with industry, ask yourself these questions:
You may come up with ideas that are not appropriate for an NIH R01 but may be well-suited to funding from other agencies. Perhaps your research idea would be well-received by the National Science Foundation, Department of Defense, NASA, or another agency or foundation.
Under Just the Facts above, we noted that you may send an application for the same research to NIH and another organization outside the U.S. Public Health Service simultaneously, although you will be able to accept only one award.
But another strategy would be to submit applications that are scientifically distinct so you can accept all awards.
You can use the following links to find organizations that support research in NIAID's scientific mission areas.
You will surely be busy writing multiple applications. But keep in mind that your productivity, reflected by publications in peer reviewed journals, is important—so don't neglect this key aspect of your career.
Strategy for NIH Funding
See the other sections of
Part 7. Funding
Table of Contents for the Strategy
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Last Updated May 03, 2013
Last Reviewed March 21, 2012