See the Glossary for more terms.
Table of Contents
For basic information on NIAID's initiatives—RFAs, PAs, and solicitations—go to these SOPs:
For more information, see Choose Approach and Find FOAs in the Strategy for NIH Funding.
NIH publishes most institute initiatives—requests for applications (RFA), program announcements (PA), and solicitations—in the NIH Guide. RFAs and PAs are also published as funding opportunity announcements in Grants.gov.
Find solicitations at FedBizOpps.gov, the Federal Business Opportunities site.
To find NIAID's active initiatives, go to NIAID Funding Opportunities List.
Go to these resources:
For most program announcements, the most appropriate study section in the Center for Scientific Review will conduct the initial peer review. Potentially, many review committees could review applications responding to a single program announcement.
However, program announcements that identify a location of peer review (PAR) are an exception. Most PARs are reviewed by special emphasis panels in institutes.
Requests for applications are usually reviewed by the lead institute sponsoring the RFA. At NIAID, one or more special emphasis panels may review the applications. For more information, see Peer Review at NIAID questions and answers.
Requests for applications always come with funds set aside to pay for the awards, and applications responding to an RFA compete only with each other for funding.
A minority of program announcements have set-aside funds—they are called program announcements with set-aside funds (PAS). PAs that do not have set-aside monies are funded as investigator-initiated grants, usually within the NIAID payline. For payline information, go to Paylines and Funding.
Yes. Always read the NIH Guide announcement carefully to see what area of research it defines and any special requirements for applicants, including review criteria.
This topic is complex. For advice on the competition and how your strengths may suit an initiative, contact the program officer listed in the announcement.
As investigator-initiated research, program announcements typically follow NIH's Standard Due Dates for Competing Applications. They expire after three years unless the institute decides to extend them.
See Choose Approach and Find FOAs in the Strategy for NIH Funding.
Since this topic is complex, read Choose Approach and Find FOAs in the Strategy for NIH Funding for advice.
For every request for applications, NIAID assembles a panel of experts to review the applications received in the scientific areas defined in the RFA. Depending on the number of applications received, NIAID may have more than one panel conducting the review.
When responding to an RFA, you have the advantage of an audience that is fluent in the particulars of your field, which also makes them savvy readers of your application.
For more information on initiatives, read Choose Approach and Find FOAs and Choose Approach and Find FOAs in the Strategy for NIH Funding.
Yes, if you respond to an RFA, NIAID staff perform an administrative check and review your application for its responsiveness to the announcement.
No. NIH will not accept an application in response to a request for applications that is the same as a new, revised, or renewal application pending initial peer review unless you withdraw the pending application.
No. That information is confidential, but the program contact listed in the RFA can tell you the general level of interest.
NIH and the institutes follow standard procedures to prevent program officers, peer reviewers, or advisory Council members who may have a real or apparent conflict of interest with an applicant from participating in a peer review. See the Conflict of Interest in Peer Review SOP for details.
Special requirements in a request for applications always take precedence over generic form instructions.
No. A letter of intent is not required or binding and does not affect the review of a subsequent application. NIAID staff use letters of intent to estimate initial peer review workload, assess potential conflicts, and begin planning reviews.
Yes. To find out how to do this, read Option 3: Repurpose the Application in Part 6 of our Strategy for NIH Funding.
Be sure to follow the due date and instructions in the funding opportunity announcement.
Yes. See the question above.
See Peer Review at NIAID and NIAID Program Project (P01) Applications questions and answers.
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Last Updated October 19, 2012
Last Reviewed March 16, 2012