See the Glossary for more terms.
We also have Questions and Answers for Individual Opportunities:
In addition to the general questions and answers below, see the following opportunity-specific Q&As:
Read the questions and answers below or see the Table of Contents above.
NIAID oversees initial peer review for the following award types:
NIH's Center for Scientific Review (CSR) oversees initial peer review for most investigator-initiated applications, including R01s, small business (SBIR and STTR) applications, and applications responding to most program announcements (except PAS and PAR as noted above).
Essentially NIAID and CSR conduct the same review with very minor differences.
To learn about peer review of initiatives, read Where are PAs and RFAs reviewed? and other entries in our RFAs, PAs, and Solicitations questions and answers. Also see the following SOPs:
NIAID reviews a small number of investigator-initiated applications, including program projects, training grants, career development awards, and investigator-initiated clinical trial planning and implementation awards.
Not necessarily. NIH's Center for Scientific Review (CSR) will not automatically assign your application to NIAID, as most institutes and centers (ICs) receive HIV/AIDS-related funding and have HIV/AIDS-related areas within their mission. If you are submitting an investigator-initiated application (i.e., applications in response to Parent Announcements), then CSR will assign the application to the IC that is the best match for the overall scientific objectives. In some cases, NIAID may also be assigned as the secondary IC.
Before you submit a grant application, check the funding opportunity announcement (FOA) text to see whether NIAID is participating and whether your proposed topic fits our areas of interest. If areas of interest aren’t listed by IC, discuss your proposed idea with the scientific/research contacts listed in the FOA.
The peer review contact listed in the FOA will indicate where your application will be reviewed. See Which applications are peer reviewed by CSR, and which by NIAID? in the Top Questions Investigators Ask Program Officers Questions and Answers.
Pay special attention to mentored K awards (K01, K08, K23, or K25) since those applications have FOA requirements that vary by IC. The locus of review also depends on where the application is assigned. Ks assigned to NIAID are reviewed in NIAID by the AIDS Research Review Committee. Check with a program officer or the scientific contacts in the FOA to be sure.
Instead of leaving your assignment completely to chance, request an IC and study section in your cover letter. For instructions, read Requesting an Institute and Study Section in the Strategy for NIH Funding. While you are not guaranteed to have your application assigned to your requested IC and study section, cover letter requests speed up the referral and assignment process and often lead to the desired assignment.
The process is essentially equivalent.
No. You can find many rosters online at eRA's NIH Scientific Review Group (SRG) Roster Index. For NIAID, see the next two questions.
Find rosters for NIAID's chartered review committees at Council and Federal Advisory Committees, NIAID, NIH:
If responding to an RFA, see the next question, I am responding to an RFA—where do I find rosters for NIAID's ad hoc review committees?
Though you can see the roster, you cannot request assignment (as you can with a CSR review committee) since there's only one group.
After the peer review meeting, you will get a roster with your summary statement. It will not tell you which panel members were assigned as primary and secondary reviewers (plus at least one additional reader), which is confidential information.
You can find a roster for most of NIAID's ad hoc review committees—called Special Emphasis Panels (SEPs)— on NIH's Special Emphasis Panels page. We usually post the roster approximately one month before a review meeting.
Recently, NIAID has aggregated rosters of our smallest SEPs, usually these committees are so small that applicants could likely identify their reviewers and compromise the confidentiality of peer review.
Check the site close to the meeting date stated in the RFA.
If you still can't find the roster, contact the scientific review officer listed in the RFA notice. Also see Where do I find rosters for NIAID's chartered review committees? above.
That depends. If NIAID is to review your application, you usually cannot request a review group because typically only one group will review applications. Read the Guide notice to find out who is conducting the peer review.
If CSR is to review your application, you can and should request a study section. If you don't, NIH will assign your application for you. For more on that, plus links to advice, go to Requesting an Institute and Study Section in the Strategy for NIH Funding.
NIH and the institutes follow standard procedures to prevent program officers, peer reviewers, or advisory Council members who may have a real or apparent conflict of interest with an applicant from participating in a peer review.
Members of peer review committees must leave the room during discussions of applications or contract proposals in which they or close associates have an interest that could bias their evaluations.
For details, see the Conflict of Interest in Peer Review SOP and Basic Layout of a Peer Review Meeting in the Strategy for NIH Funding.
Never. See When should I contact reviewers? in the Peer Review of Applications Questions and Answers.
You can see this information in the Commons along with other assignment information. Check periodically and the information will appear.
NIH will consider accepting a late application within a two-week window of the application due date if there is a valid reason. The only time NIH will not consider accepting a late application is when a request for applications states in the Application Due Date field "No late applications will be accepted for this funding opportunity announcement."
For details, see NIAID's Late Applications SOP and Rules for Late Applications in the Strategy for NIH Funding.
Yes. See SROs Assess Completeness, Assign Reviewers in the Strategy for NIH Funding.
No. However, if a site visit is necessary, your program officer will make arrangements with you and send a letter that includes a list of participants and an agenda.
See the Site Visits, Grantee SOP for more information.
After, although there are exceptions. Sometimes we need to conduct a site visit after review but before awarding a grant. Other times we will conduct a site visit after award. If a site visit is necessary, your program officer will make arrangements with you and send a letter that includes the reason for the visit, a list of participants, and an agenda.
Grants Management Program staff can also schedule site visits after award when there is concern for serious administrative or accounting deficiencies.
Institutions can also request a visit; send a letter to the NIAID staff listed on your Notice of Award. See the Site Visits, Grantee SOP for more information.
Possibly. When submitting an application responding to an RFA, get in touch with the peer review contact person listed in the FOA or the scientific review officer to find out what you are allowed to do.
Contact the staff person listed in the request for applications.
See the Application, Peer Review, and NIAID Investigator-Initiated Program Project (P01) Applications questions and answers.
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Last Updated June 16, 2015
Last Reviewed February 17, 2015