The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs award funding through several mechanisms. Approximately 95 percent of National Institutes of Health SBIR awards are made through grants, whose topics and research are driven by the awardee. Additional awards are established through contracts, which are procured based on the sponsor’s (NIAID's) needs. A cooperative agreement is another form of funding award that is similar to a grant but includes a high level of involvement from the sponsor.
The table below outlines the differences between grants and contracts in the SBIR program. (The STTR program does not award contracts.)
Last Updated September 03, 2014
Last Reviewed March 03, 2015