See the Glossary for more terms.
Some links will work for NIAID staff only.
This standard operating procedure (SOP) includes the following sections: Purpose, Procedure, Contacts, and Links.
Note: For NIH's general data sharing policy, see the Data Sharing for Grants: Final Research Data SOP.
To require NIH-supported investigators to share data from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) with the scientific community and enable investigators to access GWAS data.
Regardless of the proposed budget amount, all GWAS applications must include a plan to send data to NIH’s Database of Genotype and Phenotype (dbGaP) housed at the National Center for Biotechnology Information in the National Library of Medicine.
NIH expects funded investigators who conduct genome-wide analyses of genetic variation to make their data available for secondary research through dbGaP.
GWAS are studies of the variation across the human genome to identify genetic associations with observable traits (such as blood pressure or weight), or the presence or absence of a disease or condition.
In addition to the GWAS data sharing requirement, applicants must share other final research data for applications that seek $500,000 or more in direct costs in any year of the grant as well as for some program announcements and requests for applications. Read more in the Data Sharing for Grants: Final Research Data SOP.
If your research qualifies as a genome-wide association study as defined above, follow these steps.
For more information, see NIH's Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS).
If you plan to access GWAS in the controlled-access portions of the database, take the following actions:
Applicants or grantees with questions should read Communicating With NIAID—How to Get Help.
Genomic Program Administrators
Contact for NIAID Staff
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Sharing Data questions and answers
What Resources Do You Need to Share? in the Strategy for NIH Funding
Grant Application, Electronic SOP
Grant Application, Paper SOP
Program Officer Checklist SOP
Public Access of Publications SOP
Sharing Model Organisms SOP
Trans NIAID Clinical Research Toolkit
SF 424 Application Guide for your grant application package (for electronic application)
Submission Guidelines and Templates for Publications in the NIH Guide
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
Last Updated March 11, 2014
Last Reviewed March 11, 2014