See the Glossary for more terms.
Some links will work for NIAID staff only.
This standard operating procedure (SOP) includes the following sections: Purpose, Procedure, Contacts, and Links.
To enable applicants to contest the results of an initial peer review based on a flaw in the review process but not a difference of scientific opinion.
The following process applies to applications reviewed at NIH's Center for Scientific Review or applicable funding opportunity announcements (FOAs) reviewed at NIAID.
Applicants may appeal the results of peer review only for flaws in the review process, such as:
Applicants may not appeal for differences of scientific opinion. *Please note: Not all FOAs allow applicants to appeal. For example, request for applications (RFAs) often do not permit appeals.
NIAID program officers, either alone or working with scientific review officers (SROs), first try to resolve the issues with the applicant as a grievance.
If the applicant's concerns cannot be resolved informally, the appeal process is initiated.
In cases where the SRO and program officer agree with the request for appeal, the application will be re-reviewed and an appeal will not be taken to Council. In cases where the SRO or program officer does not agree with the request for appeal, NIAID refers the appeal to its main advisory Council.
After reviewing program staff's and review staff’s recommendation, Council recommends whether to approve or deny the applicant's appeal.
Applicants should keep in mind that Council members rarely disagree with initial peer review cases. In most cases, they determine that investigators must resubmit their applications.
For an appeal, the PI does not revise the application. Instead, the original application is re-reviewed by either the same or a different scientific review group (SRG), which does not receive the summary statement or applicant’s appeal letter.
NIAID retains the applicant’s original correspondence and copies of NIH-originated correspondence in the official electronic grant file. They will also provide appeal-related materials to Council.
Follow the procedures below.
Investigators with questions should talk to the program officer listed on the summary statement. Or, Communicating With NIAID—How to Get Help.
Contact for NIAID Staff—NIAID appeals officer and executive secretary of Council
Contact for NIAID Staff—Secretary to NIAID appeals officer
Contact for NIAID Staff—ECB Support
Contact for NIAID Staff—SOP contact
Contact for NIAID Staff—NIAID Receipt and Referral
Program Division Coordinators
Contact for NIAID Staff—DAIDS
Contact for NIAID Staff—DAIT
Contact for NIAID Staff—DMID
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Appeals of NIH Initial Peer Review—April 15, 2011, Guide notice
Last Updated February 05, 2015
Last Reviewed October 10, 2014