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Medical Countermeasures Enterprise Review

Additional Information From NIAID

Medical Countermeasures Against Chemical Threats

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Research Strategy

General Principles

  • Treatments must be appropriate for a diverse civilian population
  • Treatment strategies must take into account how a toxic chemical enters the body and the time window for possible medical intervention
  • Treatments must be formulated so they can be administered easily and rapidly in a situation involving mass casualties
  • Rapid diagnostic tests must be reliable and easily used in mass casualty situations
  • Immediate as well as long-term effects of exposure to chemicals must be understood
  • Drugs should be chemically and physically stable so that they are amenable to pre-positioning and stockpiling
  • Pretreatments for first responders are desirable especially when decontamination is not possible

Last Updated February 17, 2009