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If you are infected with C. trachomatis, your healthcare provider will probably give you a prescription for an antibiotic such as azithromycin (taken for one day) or doxycycline (taken for 7 days).

Healthcare providers may treat pregnant women with azithromycin, erythromycin, or sometimes with amoxicillin. Penicillin, which healthcare providers often use to treat some other sexually transmitted diseases, won't cure chlamydia.

If you have chlamydia, you should

  • Take all your medicine, even after symptoms disappear, for the amount of time prescribed
  • Go to your healthcare provider again if your symptoms do not disappear within 1 to 2 weeks after finishing all your medicine
  • Not have sex until your treatment is completed and successful
  • Tell your sex partners that you have chlamydia so they can be tested and treated, if necessary

These steps will help you avoid being reinfected with the bacteria. Repeated infections may increase the risks for reproductive complications.

For updated information on treatment for chlamydia, read the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention STD Treatment Guidelines.

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Last Updated December 17, 2010