The Asia region comprises the eastern countries on the Asian continent and the continents and islands in the Pacific Ocean. It is characterized by extreme diversity in size and population of individual countries; according to the World Health Organization (WHO), China has more than 1 billion people and Kiribati has a population of 99,000. Economic development is equally diverse. WHO reports Australia’s gross national income per capita to be $36,910 versus $2,440 in Laos.
There are also major differences in the types of diseases that affect people in the region, the capacity of each country to respond to health challenges, and the current status and future trends in health and health care. Moreover, some of the countries in this region are prone to severe natural disasters, such as earthquakes and floods, leading to additional health and survival challenges.
NIAID priorities for research in this region include HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and emerging diseases such as avian influenza. NIAID has also funded research related to major endemic diseases such as amebiasis and cholera, filariasis, rotavirus, hepatitis C, and dengue fever.
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Last Updated January 29, 2014