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Research Overview

NIAID-supported investigators are conducting an abundance of research on all areas of HIV infection, including developing and testing preventive HIV vaccines, prevention strategies, and new treatments for HIV infection and AIDS-associated opportunistic infections.

Researchers also are investigating exactly how HIV damages the immune system. This research is identifying new and more effective targets for drugs and vaccines. NIAID-supported investigators also continue to trace how the disease progresses in different people.

Scientists are investigating and testing chemical barriers, such as topical microbicides, that people can use in the vagina or in the rectum during sex to prevent HIV transmission. They also are looking at other ways to prevent transmission, such as

  • Control of sexually transmitted diseases
  • Modification of personal behavior
  • Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)
  • Ways to prevent transmission from mother to child

Research Areas

Research Features

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Last Updated February 09, 2012