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Emerging Microbes

Scientists usually define emerging microbes as those that have appeared only recently in a population or have existed but are rapidly increasing in incidence or geographic range. Recent examples of such disease-causing microbes are methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria, West Nile virus, and 2009 H1N1 influenza virus.

photo of a fruit bat
Fruit bats in India and Malaysia have been found to carry Nipah virus.
Some newly emeriging/emerged microbes:

  • 2009 H1N1 influenza virus
  • Ebola virus
  • H5N1 avian influenza virus
  • Marburg virus
  • MRSA bacteria
  • Multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant¬†tuberculosis bacteria
  • Nipah virus
  • SARS virus
  • West Nile virus

Last Updated July 20, 2010