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Genomics and Advanced Technologies

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Glossary

Bioinformatics

Bioinformatics is the use of information technology, such as computer programs, to analyze, store, and manage biological data. A common bioinformatics activity is predicting protein products from DNA sequences.

Genome

An organism’s complete set of DNA, including all of the genes, makes up the genome. Each genome contains all of the information needed to build and maintain the organism.

Genomics

Genomics is the study of genes or gene products in a person or organism.

Structural Genomics

Structural Genomics is the production and study of three-dimensional structures of proteins. The structure of a protein is very important in determining its function.

Functional Genomics

Functional Genomics is the study of dynamic cellular processes such as gene transcription, translation, and gene product interactions that define an organism.

Proteomics

Some genes “code for” or make a protein or proteins. These proteins carry out the instructions for the body’s cells. Proteomics is the study of all of the proteins that genes create.

Systems Biology

Systems Biology is the multidisciplinary study of interacting cellular networks that involves a combination of computational and experimental methodologies.

Last Updated November 22, 2009