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Women face unique health problems related to many of NIAID’s mission areas—specifically, HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted diseases, and autoimmune disorders. Many infectious and autoimmune diseases affect female populations disproportionately. For example, genital herpes from herpes simplex virus 2 is nearly twice as common among women as among men. Likewise, women account for more cases of chlamydia, lupus, and scleroderma than do men.
Even diseases that strike men and women in nearly equal numbers may have unique consequences or complications for women. For instance, women with HIV are at higher risk of severe cases of gynecological problems, such as chlamydia or bacterial vaginosis, than are non-infected women. Women also risk passing some of these diseases to children during pregnancy or breastfeeding.
Statement: NIH Observes 20th Anniversary of Women's Interagency HIV Study—Aug. 29, 2013
Daily-Use HIV Prevention Approaches Prove Ineffective Among Women in NIH Study—March 4, 2013
NIH and D.C. Department of Health Work Together to Find New Approaches to Deter HIV/AIDS—July 25, 2012
NIH to Test Dapivirine Vaginal Ring for HIV Prevention in Women—July 24, 2012
All Women's Health News Releases
News from NIAID-Supported Institutions
Last Updated January 13, 2014
Last Reviewed June 14, 2012