CoFAR was established in fiscal year (FY) 2005 to support clinical research on food allergy. It was renewed in FY 2010 to continue several promising clinical studies from the original consortium and expanded to include research on the genetic causes underlying food allergy and the mechanisms of food allergy-associated eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE).
This initiative, first established in 2008 and renewed in 2010, aims to stimulate innovative, high-impact food allergy research studies and to encourage the participation of investigators new to this area of research. It is co-sponsored by NIAID, the Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network, and the Food Allergy Initiative. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency provided additional support for this initiative in 2008.