There are many different kinds of STIs, and the types of treatment are as varied as their symptoms. NIAID supports the development and licensure of vaccines, topical microbicides, and drug treatments, such as antibiotics and antifungals, for the microbes that cause STIs. No STI is harmless. Even the curable ones can cause serious consequences if left untreated. HIV is of particular concern as biological evidence demonstrates the increased likelihood of acquiring and transmitting HIV when STIs are present.
Today, scientists at NIAID are testing new vaccines for STIs, such as herpes, and new ways to treat drug-resistant STIs, such as gonorrhea, in animal models and clinical trials. Research findings may lead to faster, safer, and more effective treatments.