Funding News Edition: May 20, 2020 See more articles in this edition
How familiar are you with NIAID’s application and grant terminology? Test your knowledge by taking the quiz below and pay attention to the explanations for each answer.
- Which of the following is a type of funding opportunity announcement?
- a. RFA
- b. RFI
- c. RFP (See answer)
- For which of the following does NIAID not have Institute-specific due dates?
- a. Program project (P) grants
- b. Training (T) grants
- c. Fellowship (F) grants (See answer)
- Which activity code is considered substantial when determining new PI status?
- a. R21
- b. DP2
- c. R03 (See answer)
- For which of the following grant applications must the Big Grants policy apply?
- a. Investigator-initiated, with direct costs of $250,000 or more in any one year
- b. Investigator-initiated, with direct costs of $500,000 or more in any one year
- c. Solicited, with direct costs of $500,000 or more in any one year (See answer)
- How does NIAID measure investigator effort?
- a. Time
- b. Salary
- c. Publications (See answer)
- The NIH definition of a clinical trial does not include
- a. Studies using a behavioral intervention
- b. Secondary research with biological specimens
- c. Studies without a comparison group (See answer)
- Which of the following reviews an application’s cover letter?
- a. Program officer
- b. Scientific review officer
- c. Study section (See answer)
- A grantee’s subawardee may
- a. Be a foreign institution
- b. Submit a progress report
- c. Make its own subaward (See answer)
- Which of the following is not a peer review criterion?
- a. Significance
- b. Approach
- c. Budget (See answer)
- How many times can you resubmit an application?
- a. Zero
- b. One
- c. Two (See answer)
1. a. RFA—NIAID uses funding opportunity announcements to publicly announce our intention to award discretionary grants or cooperative agreements. A request for applications (RFA) solicits grant applications focused on defined, high-priority, and high-opportunity areas of science relevant to the NIAID mission. We use requests for information (RFIs) to collect public feedback on priority topics and requests for proposals (RFPs) to solicit proposals for research and development contracts. (Go to the next question)
2. c. Fellowship (F) grants—For most award types, NIAID follows NIH’s three cycles of standard Due Dates for investigator-initiated applications. These include applications for research project grants, career development awards, and fellowship grants. But there are exceptions: NIAID has two annual due dates for both AIDS-related and non-AIDS-related investigator-initiated program project and training grants that differ from NIH’s standard Due Dates. (Go to the next question)
3. b. DP2—NIH considers you to be a new principal investigator (PI) if you have not yet received substantial independent NIH funding. Substantial awards are R01s and R01-equivalent grants, which include the New Innovators Awards (DP2) that provide awardees with substantial funding for project periods of up to five years. Investigators can verify their new PI status in the eRA Commons personal profile. (Go to the next question)
4. b. Investigator-initiated, with direct costs of $500,000 or more in any one year—Applicants must ask NIAID to agree to accept assignment of any investigator-initiated research project or training grant application that requests $500,000 or more in direct costs for any year (excluding subaward facilities and administrative costs). For applications solicited by a request for applications (RFA), the RFA will explicitly state if the application must include the letter of acceptance. Seek approval from the program officer at least six weeks before applying, as identified in the funding opportunity announcement. (Go to the next question)
5. a. Time—Person months is the specific time metric for expressing the effort investigators, faculty, and other senior personnel devote to a specific project. Calculate person months by multiplying the percentage of a person’s professional time associated with the project by the number of months the work will take place. (Go to the next question)
6. b. Secondary research with biological specimens—Research involving individually identifiable human specimens or data qualifies as human subjects research but does not meet the NIH definition of a clinical trial (in which one or more human subjects are prospectively assigned to one or more interventions to evaluate the effects of those interventions on health-related biomedical or behavioral outcomes). (Go to the next question)
7. b. Scientific review officer—Only the scientific review officer (SRO) sees your cover letter, not the peer reviewers or program officer. The letter alerts the SRO to the presence of items in your application such as approvals to submit, genomic data, or select agents. (Go to the next question)
8. a. Be a foreign institution—While you need NIAID’s prior approval to add a foreign subaward to an ongoing grant, foreign institutions can be subawardees. Subawardees are prohibited from making second-degree subawards with NIH funding and they do not submit progress reports directly to NIAID. (Go to the next question)
9. c. Budget—Before assigning an overall impact score, reviewers consider five core criteria: significance, investigators, innovation, approach, and environment. Reviewers don't use the budget to assess scientific merit, though a poorly prepared budget request could reflect poorly on the applicant’s understanding of the scope of the work. (Go to the next question)
10. b. One—In 2014, NIH changed its resubmission policy from two resubmission attempts to one. However, investigators may follow an unfunded resubmission (A1) with a new application (A0) without any requirement that the second A0 be significantly different from the A1, only that it does not reference previous submissions and reviews.