Research and Education Come Together in Reissued Funding Opportunity

Funding News Edition: October 08, 2020
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A reissued funding opportunity announcement (FOA) might interest senior investigators who head research or training programs at their institution. The NIAID Research Education Program (R25, Clinical Trial Not Allowed) can help you train a workforce to meet biomedical, behavioral, and clinical research. The goals of the Program are to:

  • Complement and enhance the training of the scientific workforce
  • Enhance the diversity of the research workforce
  • Help recruit those with specific specialty or disciplinary backgrounds into research careers
  • Foster a better understanding of research and its implications

To qualify for this opportunity, you must plan three types of creative educational activities that are relevant to NIAID's areas of science:

  • Courses for skills development. Provide innovative, state-of-the-art, evidence-based education that relates to the mission of NIAID. See NIAID Role in Research.
  • Research experiences. Expand or extend the trainee's skills. Meet the needs and career level of participants. Address an area of NIAID extramurally-supported research.
  • Mentoring activities. Provide mentoring and professional career skills to advance the broad career goals of trainees.

Your planned program may complement ongoing research training and education occurring at your institution, but the proposed educational experiences must be distinct from programs already receiving federal support.

Also note that R25 activities may augment institutional research training programs, for example, National Research Service Award (NRSA) Institutional Research Training Grant (T32), but must not replace or circumvent NRSA programs. 

Comparing R25 and T32 Programs

If you’re wondering whether to apply for an R25 or T32, the following information should help you decide.

Length of Support and Eligibility

The R25 provides five years of support, as does the T32.

Eligible participants for the R25 and T32 include graduate (Ph.D. level) and health professional (e.g., medical) students, medical residents, and postdoctoral fellows. Early-career faculty within the first eight years of their first faculty appointment are also eligible for the R25 but not the T32. 


The R25 program primarily supports U.S. citizens and permanent residents while the T32 allows for participants who are U.S. citizens, noncitizen nationals, or permanent residents with a valid Alien Registration Receipt Card. 


An R25 grant does not provide funding for full-time participation, i.e., 12 consecutive months, while full-time participation is required for the T32. The T32 also allows part-time (25 percent of time) research, teaching, or clinical employment in addition to full-time participation as long as it does not interfere with or lengthen the participant’s NRSA training time. This does not occur with the R25 award. 

Pay Back for T32

Postdoctoral trainees on T32 grants must repay the government for their grant support in time and effort equaling one month of payback effort for every month of support received. Obligation will be paid in full if training lasts two years.

Application Information

Application budgets need to reflect the actual needs of the proposed project and are limited to $325,000 direct costs each year.

The scope of the proposed project should determine the project period. The maximum project period is five years.   

Applications are next due on December 7, 2020; future due dates are December 7, 2021, and December 7, 2022.

If you have scientific or research questions, email

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