Understanding disease carriers---called vectors---is a vital part of learning to control and treat infectious disease. Mosquitoes can transmit malaria, Zika virus, dengue, yellow fever, chikungunya, West Nile Virus, and many other diseases to people, making them one of the deadliest animals on the planet. That is why they are a key focus of NIAID’s research efforts.
In addition to conducting and funding research to find diagnostics, treatments and preventive vaccines for mosquito-borne diseases, NIAID also conducts research on the mosquitoes themselves. For instance, studying how malaria parasites interact with mosquito guts may one day lead to a new vaccine for malaria. NIAID also funds researchers and programs that study mosquitoes, allowing scientists around the world to unlock the secrets of mosquito olfactory systems, test potential new insecticides, develop mosquito traps, and more.
To learn more about the mosquito research conducted and supported by NIAID, watch this new video: