Application Resubmissions SOP

This standard operating procedure (SOP) includes the following sections: PurposeProcedureContacts, and Links.

Some links will work for NIAID staff only.


To enable investigators to resubmit their applications when their initial peer review results are not in the fundable range.


An investigator may resubmit an application once within 37 months of the application's original receipt date.

Resubmissions must address reviewer comments from the original application's summary statement.

Even if the original application does not receive a fundable score, it may be funded later. If the original application is funded after the resubmission application has been submitted, the resubmission must be withdrawn. 

Investigators and Applicants

  • Follow our advice at Options if Your Application Isn't Funded for timing and other matters.
  • Include an introduction that addresses the previous summary statement and indicate how your resubmission differs from the original submission. The introduction is a PDF attached to the PHS 398 Research Plan component and is required for resubmissions. For the introduction:
    • Outline substantial scientific changes. 
    • Summarize substantial additions, deletions, and changes to the application.  
    • Respond to major weaknesses raised in the summary statement. 
    • Note: You are not required to identify individual changes in the text of Specific Aims, Research Strategy, and other application attachments.
  • If your application in response to a request for applications (RFA) did not succeed and you want to submit it again, you could convert it into a new investigator-initiated application.
  • If you are not funded after the initial submission and one resubmission, you must submit a new research application. You may not address previous summary statement issues as a separate attachment in a new application.


Applicants with questions should read Contacting Program Officers and Grants Management Specialists.

Contact for NIAID Staff

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Frequently Asked Questions: Resubmissions of NIH Applications

NIH Resubmission Applications

December 4, 2014 Guide notice: NIH Modification to Guidance on Marking Changes in Resubmission Applications

Scoring and Summary Statements

Revise and Resubmit an Application

Content last reviewed on October 19, 2017