Human Subjects Federalwide Assurances SOP

This SOP is for grants only.

This standard operating procedure (SOP) includes the following sections: Purpose, Procedure, Contacts, and Links.


To ensure that institutions receiving an HHS grant for human subjects research have an institutional Federalwide Assurance (FWA).


To determine whether your project qualifies as human subjects research, see the Decision Trees for Human Subjects Requirements. NIH sets policies for human subjects research according to federal law 45 CFR 46, Protection of Human Subjects, which applies to all domestic and international grants.

Institutions that are awarded funds for human subjects research are considered to be engaged in human subjects research and must have an approved FWA even if another institution performs the human subjects activities through a subaward.

For the full list of certification and assurance requirements, go to the Human Subjects Research Requirements in Grants SOP.

Applicant Institutions

Before institutions may receive HHS support for non-exempt human subjects research, they must have an FWA approved by the HHS Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP). If the research is exempt, they do not need an FWA.

Do not conduct human subjects research before obtaining an OHRP-approved FWA. A principal investigator who conducts human subjects research without a valid FWA may face serious repercussions.

To get an FWA, follow these steps:

Program Officers

  • Identify performance sites other than the grantee that will require an FWA.
  • Notify the grants management specialist immediately if you find out that a grantee has conducted human subjects research without an approved assurance.
    • Work with the grantee to determine what human subjects research was involved.
    • Work with the grants management specialist and the NIH Grants Policy office to determine next steps.
    • Grantees who perform human subjects research without an FWA may face termination, withholding of funds, reduction of grant budget, or may be forced to pay back funds already spent.

Grants Staff

  • Never issue an award to an institution without an OHRP-approved FWA except at the end of the fiscal year when there is not enough time to negotiate an assurance. For institutions without an FWA, restrict the award.
  • Follow up on restricted awards and issue a revised award once an FWA has been approved.


Go to Reviewers of Assurances and IRB Registrations to find the OHRP assurance coordinator for your state.

Applicants with questions should contact the appropriate program officer. See Contacting Program Officers and Grants Management Specialists.

Use the contacts listed above for questions about your specific situation. If you have a general question or a suggestion to improve this page, email the Office of Knowledge and Educational Resources at


Assurance Process - FAQs, OHRP

Guidance on Extension of an FWA to Cover Collaborating Individual Investigators and Introduction of the Individual Investigator Agreement

Research Using Human Subjects

Human Subjects SOPs 

4.1.15 Human Subjects Protections, NIH Grants Policy Statement

OHRP: Assurances and IRB Registration and Guidance Topics (NIH Extramural Intranet) 

Policy Guidance, OHRP

Rules and Policies for Clinical Research

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