Lung and Vascular Inflammation Section
Kirk Druey, M.D.
Chief, Lung and Vascular Inflammation Section
Specialty(s): Allergy and Immunology, Internal Medicine
Major Areas of Research
- Clarkson disease (monoclonal gammopathy-associated systemic capillary leak syndrome)
- Fungal-associated asthma
- Signal mechanisms of G protein-coupled receptors
The LVIS conducts broad and in-depth translational research that focuses on fundamental processes underlying allergic inflammation. Our research program includes studies aimed at mechanistic dissection of fungal associated-asthma and exploration of the pathogenesis of the rare vascular disorder resembling systemic anaphylaxis, a condition known as systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS, Clarkson disease). SCLS is a life-threatening disorder of unknown etiology in which patients experience spontaneous and recurrent episodes of hypovolemic shock and edema in the absence of allergic triggers. In the area of fungal asthma, we have identified a fungal protease allergen (Alp1) that is deposited in the airways of patients with severe asthma, and we have elucidated detailed mechanisms by which Alp1 promotes airway smooth muscle contraction and bronchoconstriction. Finally, ongoing studies in the LVIS include G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-dependent mechanisms of allergic inflammation, more specifically on the role of Regulators of G protein Signaling (RGS) proteins in lung and inflammatory cells.
EducationM.D., 1992, Rush Medical College, Chicago, Illinois
Dr. Druey obtained his M.D. from Rush Medical College in Chicago, Illinois. In 1992, following a residency in internal medicine at The New York Hospital/Cornell Medical Center, Dr. Druey became a postdoctoral fellow in the NIAID Laboratory of Immunoregulation. He joined the Laboratory of Allergic Diseases in 1997 to become chief of the Molecular Signal Transduction Section. In 2020, the section was renamed the Lung and Vascular Inflammation Section.
Cheung PC, Eisch AR, Maleque N, Polly DM, Auld SC, Druey KM. Fatal Exacerbations of Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome Complicating Coronavirus Disease. Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Oct;27(10):2529-2534. doi: 10.3201/eid2710.211155.
Matheny M, Maleque N, Channell N, Eisch AR, Auld SC, Banerji A, Druey KM. Severe Exacerbations of Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome After COVID-19 Vaccination: A Case Series. Ann Intern Med. 2021 Jun 15:L21-0250. doi: 10.7326/L21-0250
Chinn IK, Xie Z, Chan EC, Nagata BM, Koval A, Chen WS, Zhang F, Ganesan S, Hong DN, Suzuki M, Nardone G, Moore IN, Katanaev VL, Balazs AE, Liu C, Lupski JR, Orange JS, Druey KM. Short stature and combined immunodeficiency associated with mutations in RGS10. Sci Signal. 2021 Jul 27;14(693):eabc1940. doi: 10.1126/scisignal.abc1940.
Wong GS, Redes JL, Balenga N, McCullough M, Fuentes N, Gokhale A, Koziol-White C, Jude JA, Madigan LA, Chan EC, Jester WH, Biardel S, Flamand N, Panettieri RA Jr, Druey KM. RGS4 promotes allergen- and aspirin-associated airway hyperresponsiveness by inhibiting PGE2 biosynthesis. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2020 Mar 19;S0091-6749(20)30372-9.
Raza A, Xie Z, Chan EC, Chen WS, Scott LM, Eisch AR, Krementsov DN, Rosenberg HF, Parikh SM, Blankenhorn EP, Teuscher C, Druey KM. A natural mouse model reveals genetic determinants of Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome (Clarkson disease). Commun Biol. 2019 Oct 31;2:398.
Redes JL, Basu T, Ram-Mohan S, Ghosh CC, Chan EC, Sek AC, Zhao M, Krishnan R, Rosenberg HF, Druey KM. Aspergillus fumigatus-Secreted Alkaline Protease 1 Mediates Airways Hyperresponsiveness in Severe Asthma. Immunohorizons 2019 Aug 6;3(8):368-377..
Eunice C. Chan, Ph.D., Biologist